Calculation of Key Figures

Earnings per share, EUR = Profit for the period attributable to owners of the parent company
Average number of shares during the period
x100
Calculation of alternative performance measures
Like-for-like in revenue of clinics = Revenue – revenue of clinics for which the effect of business acquisitions have had an effect
 
Like-for-like growth in revenue of clinics = Like-for-like in revenue of clinics – like-for-like in revenue of clinics from previous year
Like-for-like in revenue of clinics from previous year
x100
Modified EBITDA = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization and impairment losses  
Modified EBITDA, % = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization and impairment losses
Revenue
x100
Adjusted EBITDA *) = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization, impairment losses and adjustments  
Adjusted EBITDA, % *) = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization, impairment losses and adjustments
Revenue
x100
Modified EBITA = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Amortization and impairment losses  
Modified EBITA, % = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Amortization and impairment losses
Revenue
x100
Adjusted EBITA *) = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Amortization, impairment losses and adjustments  
Adjusted EBITA, % *) = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Amortization, impairment losses and adjustments
Revenue
x100
Operating profit (EBIT) = Earnings Before Interest and Taxes  
Operating profit (EBIT), % = Earnings Before Interest and Taxes
Revenue
x100
Adjusted Net Income *) = Profit (loss) for the period + amortization of intangible assets identified in business combinations (purchase price amortization) (net of tax) + adjustments (net of tax)  
Return on Equity (ROE), % = Profit / loss for the period (LTM)
Equity (including non-controlling interest) (average)
x100

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE), %


= Profit/loss before taxes + financial expenses
Equity (including non-controlling interest) (average) + current and non-current financial liabilities (average)
x100

Equity Ratio, %

= Equity (including non-controlling interest)
Total assets – advances received
 x100
Net Debt = Interest-bearing liabilities – interest-bearing receivables and cash and cash equivalents  
Gearing, % = Interest-bearing liabilities – interest bearing receivables – cash and cash equivalents
Equity
x100

Net Debt / Adjusted EBITDA (LTM)

= Interest-bearing liabilities - interest-bearing receivables and cash and cash equivalents
Adjusted EBITDA (LTM)
 

Total Cash Capex

= Acquisition and sale of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and available-for-sale financial assets + acquisition and sale of subsidiaries and business operations, net of cash acquired, as presented in consolidated statement of cash flows  

Total Capex

= Total Cash Capex + non-cash capex, including hire purchase and financial leases and M&A  

Total Capex excluding M&A

= Total Capex – acquisition and sale of subsidiaries and business operations, net cash acquired – non-cash M&A  


*) Adjustments are material items outside the ordinary course of business, such as expenses related to acquisitions and restructurings, gain on sale of assets, strategic projects, new operations and other items affecting comparability.